Cat Diabetes: Symptoms-Treatments-Prevention-and Diet
Cat Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention, and Diet . An alarmingly high percentage of cats are showing signs of developing diabetes mellitus, which is the inability to generate sufficient amounts of the hormone insulin to maintain normal levels of glucose in the blood. If it is not addressed, it can result in a lack of appetite, decreased weight, vomiting, dehydration, severe depression, difficulties with motor function, coma, and even death. WebMD spoke with Thomas Graves, a former feline practitioner who is currently an associate professor and section head of small animal medicine at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine in Urbana-Champaign. WebMD wanted to know why so many cats are being diagnosed with diabetes and what cat owners can do about it. Diabetes and geriatric medicine are the primary subjects of Graves’s research.
What percentage of cats suffer from diabetes?
A: The exact occurrence is unknown; nevertheless, it is thought that between 0.5 percent and 2 percent of the feline population is affected by this condition. However, the condition is most likely inadequately diagnosed.
What kinds of symptoms do cats show when they have diabetes?
A: The most prominent symptoms are an increase in both thirst and the frequency with which you urinate. And while we have seen it in cats who are the normal body weight, we see it far more frequently in cats that are obese. Because their bodies are unable to make use of the fuel that is provided in their food, some diabetic cats struggle to control their appetites.
What kind of therapy is given to cats diagnosed with feline diabetes?
A: Diet is most definitely a factor to consider. It is generally agreed that diabetic cats would benefit most from eating foods that are low in carbohydrates. Insulin therapy is the treatment for this condition. Oral medicines are available; however, they are associated with a greater risk of adverse effects and are often reserved for situations in which insulin administration is medically impossible. Establishing insulin therapy requires a series of tests, including those on the patient’s blood and urine, as well as physical examinations and observations of the patient’s behaviour. This is accomplished in collaboration with your animal hospital. Because insulin therapy can be rather tricky in cats, we do not recommend that owners try to make adjustments to it on their own. The majority of individuals visit their doctor once every three to four months. It is important to check if nothing else is taking place at the same time.
Will it be necessary for me to check the level of blood in my cat every day and provide injections to them?
A: In most cases, the blood tests are carried out at the routine appointments that you have with your veterinarian; however, individuals are free to carry them out on their own if they so want. However, the owners will be responsible for giving their cat vaccinations. People are frequently shaken by the prospect of the entire situation. But if you show a proprietor the correct way to carry it out, it’s something that most people find to be fairly simple. The realisation that one has the ability to provide assistance of this kind to one’s pet is inspiring to a great number of individuals.
Can diabetes in my cat be cured if it’s detected and treated in a timely manner?
A: In most cases, it cannot be healed. If you start treating a cat’s diabetes, get their blood sugar under control, get them on a diet that makes sense, and get them into better physical shape, you may find that the cat’s diabetes goes into remission or a partial remission. There are certain cats who are able to maintain their appearance for several months. It’s possible that some will remain like that for years. It is not impossible. But diabetes is, for the most part, a disease that can be managed, rather than a condition that can be cured.
If I feed my cat a healthy diet and make sure they don’t grow too fat, can I keep my cat from developing diabetes?
A: Due to the lack of research in this area, no one will be able to tell you whether or not you can keep your cat from developing diabetes through their food. There are a few clinical studies that support some frequently held ideas that the use of low-carbohydrate meals can help diabetic cats better regulate their blood sugar levels. These beliefs are based on the use of low-carbohydrate diets. In addition, we are aware that being overweight or obese is a risk factor. However, there are certain breeds of cats that are more prone to developing diabetes than others, which shows that there may possibly be a hereditary component involved in the condition.
If I prepare their food myself rather than purchasing it, will it be healthier for my cat?
Cooking a cat’s food makes it difficult to provide a diet that is healthy and well-balanced for the animal. You have a responsibility to ensure that they receive all of the essential amino acids; nevertheless, their requirements are distinct from those of dogs, humans, and other omnivores. You have to be aware of what you’re doing at all times.
Should I just give them wet food, only dry food, or both dry and wet food at the same time?
A: Yes, exactly, it is the hot topic of debate right now. It raises some interesting questions. If you consider what a cat would eat in its natural environment, you’ll realise that they are carnivores. Therefore, if they spent their time outside hunting and eating the animals that they hunt, their diet would consist of an extremely high proportion of protein and an extremely low proportion of carbohydrates. Therefore, one could argue that since it is what they have evolved to consume, it is also the diet that is best for them. If that’s the case, then why do we even offer dry food for cats? Because it’s more convenient for folks. There are some folks who simply dislike working with food that is preserved in a can. In addition, there are a huge number of cats that consume dry food but do not get diabetes. There are cats who are 20 years old and still consume dry food.
Will my cat’s diabetes cause it to live a shorter life?
A: Yes, it most certainly can, due to the fact that it has been linked to infections, peripheral nerve abnormalities, and a variety of other issues. In the event that it is not handled properly, you run the risk of getting into some fairly serious emergency circumstances. However, I can tell you that we see a lot of diabetic cats who are older that are controlled for many years, and they may get into their late teens if they are treated properly. It demands a commitment that lasts a lifetime and is maintained on a daily basis, but it is something that can be accomplished.
How much does it set you back to take care of a diabetic cat?
A: The typical monthly expenditure for insulin, syringes, and other supplies for a client is usually between $20 and $30. After it has been properly handled, the cost is not excessively high.
What are some of the most recent approaches to treating diabetes in cats?
A: There are newer types of insulin that are now under review. There is some reason for optimism regarding the use of some insulin analogues, which are now only approved for the treatment of diabetics in humans, in the treatment of diabetic cats. These give greater control over blood sugar, typically with fewer negative side effects. People are always looking for fresh and improved approaches to the management of diabetes in diabetic cats.