Facts About a Fat Cat
Facts About a Fat Cat . Cats are considered obese when they are at least 20 percent bigger than what is considered to be their optimal weight.
When we talk about cats being overweight, we mean that they are between 1 and 19 percent heavier than what their optimal weight should be.
It is believed that more than half of all cats in the UK are carrying excess weight.
o Twenty to thirty percent of these people are obese.
o The risk of obesity increases with age in cats between the ages of 2 and 10 years.
o Cats prefer smaller, more frequent meals.
o In the wild, they may consume as many as 20 meals in a single day.
o Cats are what are known as obligate carnivores, which means that they only consume meat from other animals in the wild.
Raw meat is something that cats consume in the wild, thus feeding it to cats who are kept as pets is not a problem at all.
o The purpose of a cat’s teeth is not to bite through dry biscuits but rather to tear up flesh. If you want your cat to have healthy teeth, you shouldn’t feed it dry food.
o A healthy diet for cats must always include a sufficient amount of water:
o The prey of a cat is typically composed of 75 percent water.
o The amount of water in food that is considered dry is often less than 10%.
o Food that has been canned often contains roughly 75 percent water.
o The most common fatal illness found in cats is kidney disease. In most cases, a deficiency in water intake is the cause of kidney illness.
o Because they have a very low thirst drive, it is essential that water be included in the diet because they will not drink as much as they ought to if it is not available to them.
o The enzyme known as “amylase” is secreted from the pancreas of cats. Amylase is an enzyme that is utilised to break down carbs. It is fatal to consume an excessive amount of carbohydrates, although a carbohydrate level of between 3 and 5 percent is optimal.
o Fiber is a kind of carbohydrate that cannot be digested by the body.
o Starch is a kind of carbohydrate that can be digested.
o The body stores carbohydrates that are not utilised for energy as fat.
Causes of Obesity
o The most significant factor contributing to overweight and obese cats is the presence of humans.
o People who are overweight are more likely to own dogs that are also overweight.
o There is a correlation between the use of dry food and an increased risk of obesity in cats.
o Boredom is a common trigger for eating in cats.
o Sedentary cats have a sixteenfold increased risk of putting on excess weight.
o The risk of obesity in indoor cats is increased by a factor of two.
o Cats with physical impairments have a greater risk of being obese.
o Spayed or neutered cats have a threefold increased risk of developing obesity.
o Because they are less active after being neutered or spayed, cats often have a metabolism that is around 20 percent lower. This indicates that they need to consume around 20 percent less calories overall.
o Only cats with an active lifestyle should be given food with a high energy content. Cats that are already lazy will not become more active as a result of this.
o Your cat’s metabolism will be influenced in a certain way by the temperature at which it is kept. To keep their bodies at a constant temperature, cats that spend most of their time outside will require a greater quantity of calories. It is recommended that households with central heating provide their cats with a diet that is lower in calories.
Consequences of Being Overweight
o Being obese can cut your life expectancy in half.
o Being obese can put a person at risk for developing the following conditions:
o Diabetes mellitus – Sugar diabetes
o Lower urinary tract disease refers to a collection of conditions that can affect both the bladder and the urethra.
o Lameness, which can be caused by damage to the muscles or arthritis
o Skin disorders that are not caused by allergies, as a result of having less ability to groom.
o Hepatic lipidosis is a condition in which fat accumulates in the liver.
o Cardiovascular disease
· Decreased levels of stamina and tolerance for physical activity
· Increased dangers associated with the use of anaesthesia
o Dystocia: Obstacles encountered during labour and delivery
o Pickwickian syndrome: a condition in which the lungs get overworked as a result of obesity, making it more difficult to breathe
o High blood pressure, which can eventually result in heart failure
o Cats that are overweight have a fourfold increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus.
Lameness is 7 times more likely to affect obese cats than cats of a healthy weight.
It is estimated that obese cats have a threefold increased risk of developing lameness.
Because they are unable to properly groom themselves, obese cats have a threefold increased risk of developing non-allergic skin conditions.
o Obese cats have a mortality rate that is two times higher than normal between the ages of 6 and 12 years old.