Failure of the Kidneys in Cats
Failure of the Kidneys in Cats . The kidneys of your cat are responsible for a wide variety of vital functions. They contribute to the regulation of blood pressure, the production of hormones, the stimulation of bone marrow in the production of additional red blood cells, and the elimination of waste products from the blood.
The kidneys of cats might develop disease as they become older. Kidney illness can be the beginning of a cascade of health issues if it is not addressed. There is no treatment available once it has become chronic. But by getting an early diagnosis and providing your pet with excellent care, you may greatly improve both the length and quality of their life.
The only cats that are at risk are those that are really old. Kidney problems might be present at birth in kittens. Infection, poisons, and traumatic experiences are other potential reasons.
Diseases that can affect the Kidneys-
There are two distinct forms of renal failure that can affect cats. Each condition has unique root causes, approaches to therapy, and outcomes.
Acute renal failure manifests itself abruptly, typically within a few days to a few weeks. It can occur in cats of any age, and the following are the most common causes of it:
Poisons, which are the leading cause of acute renal failure in the majority of cases. Your cat’s kidneys are extremely vulnerable to the toxicity of antifreeze, toxic plants like lilies, pesticides, cleaning fluids, and some human drugs. Even just one pill of ibuprofen is enough to cause their kidneys to stop functioning properly. Conduct a search of your home and garage for the aforementioned items, and take precautions to prevent your cat from gaining access to them.
traumatic injuries, in particular those involving a fractured pelvis or a ruptured bladder
Shock from losing a considerable amount of blood in a short period of time or fast dehydration; overheating in hot weather, a significant increase in activity, vomiting, and diarrhoea can all produce a significant drop in fluid levels.
An infection that affects the kidneys
Blockages that alter the flow of blood into the kidney as well as the flow of urine out of it (such in the case of a male cat who is unable to urinate as a result of a urethral blockage) are known as nephrogenic obstructions.
Heart failure accompanied by low blood pressure, which causes a decrease in the amount of blood that flows to the kidneys.
Acute renal failure may frequently be reversed if the condition is detected and treated in a timely manner. On the other hand, chronic renal diseases might be more difficult to cure. They develop over the course of months or even years, and are most common in cats that are middle-aged or older. If your cat is at least seven years old, you should pay extra attention to their overall health.
Even veterinarians don’t always agree on the precise causes of chronic kidney disease; nonetheless, the following factors have been implicated:
Infections of the kidney and obstructions of the ureters, which may not lead to acute renal failure but do wear down kidney function at a low level for months or years
Other disorders, ranging from an advanced stage of dental disease and high blood pressure to issues with the thyroid and cancer
11 Warning Signs That the Kidneys of Your Cat May Be Failing-
Frequent urination. In spite of the fact that you may believe this to be an indication that your cat’s kidneys are functioning normally, it really signifies that they are unable to store any more water. Another indicator is if they urinate in places other than their litter box.
If your cat is drinking a lot of water, it is an indication that they are attempting to restore the fluid that they have lost as a result of urinating.
bacterial infections of the bladder and kidney; these infections grow more easily in the diluted urine that is generated when kidney function is compromised.
A reduction in appetite in addition to weight loss
Symptoms including throwing up, diarrhoea, and urine that is cloudy or bloody.
Ulcers in the mouth, particularly on the gums and the tongue
Having bad breath that smells like ammonia is considered rude.
A tongue with a brownish hue to it
A non-wet coat
Lack of strength and a lack of interest
The Diagnosis as well as the Treatment-
Your veterinarian will test both your blood and urine. A diagnosis may also need X-rays, an ultrasound (which provides a view of your cat’s internal organs), or a biopsy (which obtains a sample of tissue). In the event that kidney disease is identified, possible therapies include surgery to clear obstructions, intravenous fluid therapy, a particular diet, and drugs. You may also be able to provide fluids subcutaneously, or under the skin, to your cat at home. Discuss your choices with your trusted veterinarian.
A diet that is beneficial for kidney health is one that is low in phosphorus and protein, while also being high in vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. Keep in mind that it is essential to make your cat accustomed to new meals in a gradual manner. Your veterinarian will be able to provide you advice on how to make this transition as smooth as possible.
With the help of an appropriately planned diet. You can ensure that your cat has the best possible life by providing them with a plenty of clean, fresh water, an environment that is calm, and frequent checkups.