How to Handle Your Cattle This Monsoon in 5 Easy Steps
How to Handle Your Cattle This Monsoon in 5 Easy Steps , It is time to prepare yourself ready to plunge into the water, get your hands muddy in the mud pool, and row your own miniature paper boats over the smaller streams of water that are flowing alongside. As the monsoon draws near, we are getting ready to take pleasure in one of the most pleasant seasons. On the other hand, in some locations, this is a time for celebration, while in others, it is pouring cats and dogs outside. The arrival of the monsoon brings with it the risk of natural disasters such as floods, which can result in significant losses for people, plants, and animals alike. These disasters can be caused by the monsoon. During the rainy season, we need to take extra precautions and preventative measures for ourselves, just as we should do the same for the animals, particularly the cattle that are allowed to wander around and live in open fields, where they are at risk of contracting life-threatening infections. At this point in time, the temperature is beginning to drop, and farmers are beginning to consider how the next climate shift would influence the overall health of their cattle as well as the productivity and effectiveness of their operations. The dairy producers initiate a planning process and start gathering the materials they will need to properly care for and preserve their animals. Because of the chilly weather, animals require special care during this time of year so that they can keep their regular body temperature. The heavy rains have such an effect on the humidity of the surrounding environment that it produces a significant drop in temperature, well below the threshold for the lowest possible temperature, which stresses out the animals.
Because of this, the animals are forced to react in some way, such as by finding cover or increasing their metabolic activity, both of which may assist them in maintaining their body temperature as the temperature outside continues to drop. As a result, this raises the bar for what they require in their diet, particularly in terms of high-quality feeds that are rich in energy.
Because of their greater need for energy, cows in particular require feeds that are abundant in important nutrients. This is because they have to expend more of it in order to adapt to the climatic circumstances and keep a balanced positive energy. If the cows are unable to acquire the high-quality feed supplements, they will be forced to use the spare energy that has been stored in their bodies in order to maintain proper body temperature and continue producing milk of a superior quality.
This, in turn, leads to a reduction in the amount of fat that is stored in the body over time, which, in the long run, results in a loss of weight as well as a weakening of the substance that acts as an insulator directly beneath the skin, which leaves the individual vulnerable to the adverse effects of the harsh climate.
The issue seems to be worse for the heifers since they are able to bear calves while being in such a terrible state of body, which makes calving difficult and painful for them and results in the delivery of calves who are underweight and feeble.
Because of this circumstance, there is a higher risk of calf mortality, which results in the moms producing less milk and having delayed heat cycles, which in turn reduces the reproduction rate.
The severe downpour has an effect on the other things as well, not just the cattle as was previously said. It becomes tough to bale the hay, maintain a dry environment for the cattle feed, and keep an eye out for aflatoxins (poisonous carcinogens which cause liver damage and cancer). Because of the high level of pollution, the quality of the fodder is diminished by these dangerous pollutants, and animals consume less of it.
Because of this, it is essential to store the dry feed in a location that is protected from the rain so that it does not become mouldy, particularly the hay. It is important to keep the manure and the silage in a dry location so that they do not become unusable by the cows due to the effects of the congealing process. It is possible for the manure to lose key elements, which is why it has to be stacked up and stored in an appropriate location away from moisture.
You need to take specific precautions in order to manage your cattle well during the rainy season so that you may prevent your money from going to waste by being spent on incorrect activities and guarantee that the animals retain the right body temperature and body weight.
1. Tidiness is of the utmost importance.
During this time of year, it is quite possible that animals will have an easier time catching infections, which will expose a variety of health issues. As a result, the first criterion that always has to be satisfied is to ensure that the animals are kept clean and dry at all times. In addition, the teats of the cows need to be cleansed and sterilised on a regular basis, both before and after the milking process. This aids in preventing the milk from becoming infectious in any manner whatsoever.
2. Raise the total amount of feed used.
In order for the animals to create enough heat to keep themselves warm during this time of year, they require a greater quantity of food and energy. Feed the cattle nutritious grains and pasture to maintain their health. In the event that only wet feedstuff is available, take precautions to ensure that it is not too cold or frozen. In addition to this, construct an appropriate and robust shelter for them to stay in so that they are protected from harsh winds.
3. Prepare dry bedding.
Putting up a shed is not enough to solve the problem. A wet, muddy, or unclean bed leaves the cows vulnerable to a variety of health problems; thus, it is essential to provide a comfortable and warm bed for the cows. As a result, a bed made of dry sand is optimal, despite the fact that its availability is restricted. In these kinds of predicaments, you might want to consider using dry straws or animal bedding.
4. Supply drinking water.
Even when it’s raining outside, it doesn’t mean there’s enough water for drinking. To prevent a decrease in the amount of feed that the cows consume, it is necessary to provide enough amounts of clean and drinkable water for the cows. However, you are responsible for ensuring that the water that you give is not at a temperature that may cause it to freeze.
5. Remove the water that has become stagnant.
During the time of the monsoon, there is a noticeable and consistent buildup of rain water. On the other hand, the same thing offers an ideal environment for the multiplication of pathogenic germs and illnesses. Therefore, keeping one’s surroundings clean and sanitary is an effective method for avoiding the same.