How to prevent and treat cat ear infections
How to prevent and treat cat ear infections . Ear infections in cats are not very common, but when they do occur, the reasons behind them can be rather complicated.
If your veterinarian has ruled out ear mites, which are the cause of around half of all feline ear infections, then they will need to conduct some investigating to determine what is causing your cat to develop an infection in either the outer or the middle ear. It is possible that it is a complication of allergies, a tumour, or that there is something stuck in the ear canal.
Utilizing a tool known as an otoscope, the first step in the process of diagnosing the ailment involves checking within the ear canal. The remainder of the earwax is removed, and a sample of it is examined under a microscope to check for the presence of yeast, germs, or ear mites. Ear infections are often not difficult to treat, however further diagnostic testing, such as anaesthesia or X-rays, may be necessary. The most popular therapies are corticosteroids, antibiotics, anti-parasitic medications, and anti-fungal medications.
It is extremely important that you take your cat to the veterinarian as soon as you discover any symptoms of ear irritation in your pet. Ear infections have the potential to become persistent, which can ultimately result in hearing loss and facial paralysis.
What Are the Root Causes of Cat Ear Infections?
Ear infections are often a secondary ailment, and the only exception to this rule is if your cat has picked up mites from another animal. This indicates that they are in fact the consequence of an additional undiagnosed medical condition.
External ear infections, also known as otitis externa, and middle ear infections, also known as otitis media, have some of the same contributory causes and perpetuating factors. These include the following:
A accumulation of wax in the ear canal that can be caused by an excess of yeast or bacteria, or frequently both.
The ear canal was clogged with thick hair.
Allergic reactions to things like food or pollen
Polyps or tumours developing inside of the ear canal
A tear in the eardrum
Poor ear cleaning technique
Body fragments not native to the host, such as grass bristle
Immune suppressive disorders like FIV or feline leukaemia virus
Infections in the middle ear are often caused by an infection that originated in the ear canal and then progressed to the middle ear from there.
What are the Telltale Signs That Your Cat Has an Ear Infection?
A cat will demonstrate his discomfort by scratching or pawing at their ear, shaking their head in the direction of the uncomfortable ear, or turning their head in that way. Other symptoms to watch out for include the following:
Discharge that is either black or yellowish.
A redness or swelling of the ear flap or the ear canal may be a sign of an infection.
Buildup of wax on or in close proximity to the ear canal
A discharge coming from the ear that looks like grounds from coffee (a symptom of ear mites)
a feeling of unsteadiness or disorientation
How is it Possible to Treat Ear Infections in Cats?
If it is determined by your veterinarian that your cat has an infection caused by yeast, bacteria, or ear mites, the cat will be treated with anti-parasitics, antifungals, or antibiotics, depending on which course of treatment is deemed most suitable. All of them are available in a topical ointment or as eardrops.
If the infection has spread to the middle ear but the eardrum is healthy, the veterinarian may recommend medicines that are either orally or injected.
The initial step in the therapy may involve your veterinarian trimming the fur from around the ear canal of the cat. This will make it easier to clean and dry the ear canal.
You may continue to inspect the canal of your cat’s ear at home to ensure that it is clean and that the inside of the ear flap has a pink colour. In the event that you have been instructed to use ear drops, carefully raise the ear flap and apply the medication by squeezing it into the ear canal. To facilitate the medication’s entry into the ear canal, give the base of the ear a light massage using circular motions.
In the event that your cat suffers from recurrent ear infections, the veterinarian may recommend an anti-inflammatory drug to assist reduce the swelling of the tissue found in the ear canal. In other cases, surgery is required to remove the enlarged tissue that has either reduced the size of the ear canal or completely blocked it up.
Is It True That Some Cats Are More Prone to Ear Infections Than Others?
Ear infections are more likely to occur in cats who have conditions such as diabetes, allergies, or a compromised immune system.
Is There Any Way to Stop Cats From Getting Ear Infections?
Checking the ear on a regular basis to ensure there is no redness, residue, or odour is the most effective method for preventing a painful ear infection from occurring again. Ears that are healthy have a pale pink colour, little debris or odour that can be seen, and very little or no ear wax. If you examine your ears on a regular basis, you will be able to detect any potential ear infections early on and get them treated before they get worse. It is in everyone’s best interest if the veterinarian either does the job themselves or demonstrates how to properly clean your cat’s ears. Under no circumstances should you place a cleaning equipment directly into the ear canal itself unless specifically authorised to do so by your veterinarian.