Symptoms and treatments for cat hyperthyroidism
Symptoms and treatments for cat hyperthyroidism . Cats frequently suffer from a condition known as hyperthyroidism, which is caused by an excessive amount of thyroid hormone being produced by the thyroid glands. Around the age of 13, hyperthyroidism is the age at which it is most usually seen in cats.
The two thyroid glands that are located in a cat’s neck are responsible for regulating their metabolism. These glands have the potential to enlarge and generate an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. This can be troublesome due to the fact that thyroid hormone influences other organs in the body of the cat, most notably the heart.
In most situations, an enlarged thyroid gland is brought on by a benign tumour; nevertheless, hyperthyroidism can sometimes be a sign that a patient has cancer. Make an appointment with your vet as soon as possible if you have any reason to believe that your cat may have an enlarged gland in their neck.
Your cat has a good chance of living a long and healthy life despite having hyperthyroidism, which can be effectively treated in the majority of instances.
What Kind of Symptoms Do Cats Show When They Have Hyperthyroidism?-
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism in cats may initially be quite mild, but they have a tendency to deteriorate into a more severe form over time. Symptoms may include the following:
Loss of weight while having an increased appetite that is often insatiable.
heightened levels of both thirst and urination (sometimes in inappropriate places like outside of the litter box)
Having trouble with one’s breathing
Hair that is greasy or matted
Which Breeds Are Most Likely to Experience Hyperthyroidism?-
Hyperthyroidism is a condition that can affect any breed of cat, although it often strikes elderly cats. Although it is not known whether any particular breed is more likely to get hyperthyroidism than another, it does indicate that some breeds, such as the Siamese, Persian, and Himalayan cats, are affected by the condition less frequently than others.
How Do Veterinarians Make the Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism in Cats?-
In order to make a correct diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in your cat, your veterinarian will first do a physical exam on your cat and look for an enlarged thyroid gland in the cat’s neck.
If your veterinarian has a reason to believe that your cat has hyperthyroidism, then they will most likely do a few further tests, including the following:
A blood chemistry panel that determines the quantity of thyroid hormone present in the body (most cats will have an elevated amount of thyroid hormone in their bloodstream)
A urine test
An echocardiogram showing the beating heart
The presence of hyperthyroidism in a cat may in some cases make the animal more susceptible to developing additional medical issues. For instance, high blood pressure and heart disease are two of the consequences that might arise as a result of hyperthyroidism in cats. Your cat’s general health will be evaluated, as well as checked for the aforementioned problems, by your veterinarian.
How Is the Condition of Hyperthyroidism Treated in Cats?-
Cats that have been diagnosed with hyperthyroidism have access to a variety of various treatment choices to choose from. Your veterinarian will be able to guide you toward the course of therapy that will be most beneficial for both you and your cat. Among the several treatment possibilities are:
Medication. The synthesis of thyroid hormones in cats may be lowered with the use of anti-thyroid medications. The medicine is most frequently administered in the form of a medication that must be given twice daily and must be continued for the rest of the cat’s life. The anti-thyroid medication you take can also be available in the form of a gel that you put on your skin to administer it. Your cat could encounter unpleasant side effects from the drug, such as vomiting, fever, poor energy, loss of weight, and face itching. However, the prescription is not very costly (which indicates the cat cannot tolerate the medication).
Iodine radiotherapy as a form of treatment. Iodine is administered to your cat by a procedure that includes injecting it straight into their circulation. Iodine is absorbed by the thyroid of the cat, and radiation then eliminates any aberrant tissue that may be present in the thyroid. This occurs without causing damage to any other tissues in the body of the cat. Following the administration of the medicine, the majority of cats have a return to normal hormone levels within a few weeks’ time.
Only specialised radiation centres are qualified to administer this treatment. After the treatment has been given, the cats are need to remain at the clinic for a brief length of time. Due to the radioactive nature of the therapy, the cat will need to be quarantined as soon as it is able to come home.
Surgery. The thyroid of the cat would need to be surgically removed in order to implement this therapy option. It has a high percentage of success and has the potential to do away with the requirement for medicine over the long run. Your cat will need to be put under anaesthesia in order for this procedure to be completed, which presents a greater risk for senior cats.
Therapeutic eating regimens. For the purpose of both treating and preventing hyperthyroidism in cats, several medical research suggest reducing the total quantity of iodine that is consumed by the animal. The research into this potential course of treatment is still in its early stages, and its success cannot be assured. It is essential to consult with your cat’s veterinarian before reducing the amount of iodine they consume in their food.
The majority of hyperthyroidism therapies for cats have very favourable outcomes. Your cat’s hyperthyroidism may be treated, and he or she can have a long and healthy life, even if they are getting on in years. Cats, for instance, that are treated with radioactive iodine therapy typically return to normal within a few weeks, while cats that are treated with medication or put on a special diet do well as long as the drug or diet is given consistently and they receive regular checkups. Cats that are treated with radioactive iodine therapy typically return to normal within a few weeks.
If you have reason to believe that your cat has hyperthyroidism, there is a strong possibility that your veterinarian can identify the appropriate treatment for your cat and have it feeling better in a shorter amount of time than you may expect.