The Origin and Development of Cats
The Origin and Development of Cats . According to research conducted by archaeologists, the ancestors of modern cats lived around 200 million years ago. The tiger, the panther, the leopard, the lion, and the cheetah are all members of the group of meat-eating mammals known as the forebears of cats. Each of these species is an accomplished hunter. These creatures are all members of the family known as “felius catus.” They have amazing hearing, sight, and smell, all of which are up to ten times greater than the human senses. According to the research carried out by scientists, the domestic cat that we are familiar with today has been around for almost 2 million years.
There is no one who knows for certain, but the majority of people think that the Egyptians were the first humans to tame the wild cat approximately 3500 years ago. These domesticated cats were not only kept as pets; rather, they were put to work preventing farms and gaineries from being overrun by pests like as mice, rats, cockroaches, snakes, and any other creatures that may be detrimental to the grains they were growing. After another two thousand years or more, domestic cats came to be revered as holy animals in Egypt, where they were even worshipped. The cruelty toward cats was declared illegal, and anyone found guilty of the crime faced the death penalty. At one point in time, they were regarded as being on a higher level than royalty and the pharaoh. As a mark of respect and sadness, members of the family who had kept the cat would shave their eyebrows after the animal passed away. After that, the family attended a sacrosanct ritual, during which the cat was mummified and thereafter buried in a chapel or a tomb. In the end, there were more human mummies unearthed in Egypt than cat mummies, and investigators discovered a single tomb that had more than 250,000 cat mummies.
The Egyptians included depictions of cats in their temples, tombs, and pyramids in a variety of artistic mediums, including paintings, sculptures, and texts. Pet cats were popular among the upper-class Egyptians, but most of the lower-class Egyptians could not afford to acquire one. However, if they had a farm or land, having a cat would be beneficial for protecting their crops and grains.
Many people desired to have cats in their houses so that they might utilise their hunting prowess to rid themselves of unwanted vermin. According to Egyptian law, it was an absolute crime to send cats to any of the nations that bordered Egypt. Historians are of the opinion that illegal traffickers were responsible for introducing the domesticated cat to regions such as the Middle East and Europe. Over time, more and more individuals decided they wanted cats in their homes and across their communities. The domestic cat quickly dispersed throughout Asia and finally made its way to almost every location where people lived. During the Middle Ages, there was a period of time when people had the suspicion that cats were in some way connected to witchcraft and the devil. It was for this reason that people started killing cats all throughout Europe. It was believed that everyone who possessed a cat was engaging in witchcraft, and hence they were slain. Because there were no cats around to eliminate rodents and other vermin, populations of these vermin began to explode, and as a result, many people fell ill with and succumbed to the fatal diseases that they carried. Because of this, almost one fourth of the population of Europe perished. People ultimately came around to a different point of view, the popularity of cats increased, and people allowed them back into their homes.
The most common household pet in modern times is the dog, although cats are a close second. In today’s world, one home in five has a pet cat. They are popular due to the fact that they are one of the pets that require the least amount of maintenance, in addition to the fact that they are devoted, affectionate, and playful. Today, there are a great number of distinct breeds; nonetheless, there are only 36 primary pure breeds.